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All maklu books

  
9789046610008:Pricing Algorithms in EU competition law.
Pricing Algorithms in EU competition law.
Gilles Delporte
ISBN: 9789046610008 /  € 24.95
Publisher: Maklu-Uitgevers nv
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About the book:
The past few decades have seen competition law increasingly capture the public’s imagination, with the heavy fines imposed on digital companies such as Microsoft (2004) and Google (2017, 2018, 2019) making headlines throughout the world. At the same time, US public officials and publications have become more outspoken in their criticism of what some describe as their tech giants being taken advantage of overseas. In Europe too, there is a growing feeling that the profound changes brought on by the digitisation of our economies are challenging the existing rules. One example is the advent of digital or algorithmic cartels, where companies collude on prices using opaque software. Take Uber, for instance. Are the independent drivers joining the ride-hailing platform inadvertently joining a price-fixing conspiracy as well? How do we detect such digital cartels, and how do we determine whether software is legal or prohibited? Can sharing the same computer program constitute a concerted practice? Such novel questions have often been met with calls for new regulation, better adapted to the digital economy. However, much can be gained from taking a closer look at the actual impact these digital tools have on the market. In the words of an FTC Commissioner, should we really fear the things that go ‘beep’ in the night?

This book aims to do just that, using the results of economic research and computer science as the starting point for a legal analysis of these digital cartels. It analyses several forms of algorithmic collusion in decreasing order of human involvement. Indeed, the role of algorithms can range from supporting a cartel to being its sole perpetrator, and each scenario tests current competition law in a different way. This is followed by an overarching perspective on public and private enforcement, as well as a brief discussion of two related issues at the intersection of data protection and competition law: personalised pricing and algorithmic consumers.
9789046609989:VAT for economists. A Guide for Businesses Operating Cross-Border. 2nd edition
VAT for economists. A Guide for Businesses Operating Cross-Border. 2nd edition
Stefan Ruysschaert
ISBN: 9789046609989 /  € 29.00
Publisher: Maklu-Uitgevers nv
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About the book:
VAT is characterized by a set of very technical rules that are difficult to fathom for non-lawyers. However, economists are interested in the functioning of the VAT system in their analysis of trade transactions.

This book provides a clear overview of the VAT-system in the EU. The focus lies on explaining the VAT consequences of economic transactions. The right of deduction has been referred to as the “cornerstone” of the VAT system, through the relationship between input and output one can even speak about the heart of the VAT system. The invoice which complies with the rules (possession of a correct invoice) is the “ticket of admission” to the right to deduct. The deduction system is meant to relieve the trader of the burden of the VAT payable or paid in the course of all his economic activities, provided these are subject to VAT.

The approach is very practical. The VAT system is explained by means of examples, drawings and overview diagrams.

Authors have to make choices. By separating essentials from side-issues we managed to write a book which contains the essence of VAT.
9789046609842:European integration through member states
European integration through member states' constitutional identity in EU law
Dimitris Liakopoulos
ISBN: 9789046609842 /  € 45.00
Publisher: Maklu-Uitgevers nv
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About the book:
The present research aims to verify the nature and extent of the identity clause and to establish the role that art. 4, par. 2 TEU is called to perform in the management of the aforementioned conflicts. More specifically, it is of interest to verify whether the law has its own autonomy, what consequences may result its being violated in the light of CEU jurisprudence and what added value could have a consistent use of the identity clause in the context of the management of inter-order conflicts affecting the national identity of member states. To this end, it is essential to start from an examination of the reasons that led to the affirmation of respect for the national identity by the singular member states. To understand the legal value of art. 4, par. 2 TEUs must first reflect on the important developments in the matter of safeguarding the national identity of the Maastricht Treaty up to the Treaty of Nice and analyze them in correlation with other relevant provisions of primary law to protect state prerogatives but also to affirm a European identity founded on respect for values such as democracy and the rule of law as well as on the protection of fundamental rights. The analysis carried out in the first understanding focuses precisely on these aspects, trying to outline the path taken at the normative and jurisprudential level, not only in relation to the identity clause but also with respect to particular conceptions of fundamental rights as well as to cultural, linguistic and religious considered to be worthy of protection (as an expression of national specificity and capable of affecting the assessments of CJEU both on the admissibility of the exceptions to EU law, as well as in relation to their proportionality.
The possibility of recognizing an autonomous character - and not merely complementary and ancillary - in art. 4, par. 2 TEU necessarily passes through a more precise definition of its legal boundaries, which implies, on the one hand, a careful reflection on the differences with respect to the formulation of the clause as contained in art. 6, par. 3 TEU (dating back to the Amsterdam Treaty) as well as the changes proposed by Group V of the Convention on the Future of Europe. On the other hand, a careful reading and adequate knowledge of CJEU jurisprudence and of the relevant factual and legal context.
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